Monday, December 16, 2013

Dimensional Change

There are lots of questions on dimensional change and this is a very common one.

Make sure you understand the relationship among linear, 2-D (area) and 3-D (volume) ratio.

There are many similar triangles featured in the image on the left.
Each of the two legs of the largest triangles is split into 4 equal side lengths.


Question : What is the area ratio of the sum of the two white trapezoids to the largest triangle? 
\(\dfrac {\left( 3+7\right) } {16}=\dfrac {10} {16}=\dfrac{5}{8}\)  

Question: If the area of the largest triangles are 400 square units, what is the area of the blue-colored trapezoid?
\(\dfrac {5} {16}\times 400\) =125 square units 

Again, each of the two legs are split into three equal segments. 

The volume ration of the cone on the top to the middle frustum to the 
bottom frustum is 1 : 7 : 19. 
Make sure you understand why.